Cross dressing is the act of dressing in clothes that are intended for wear by the opposite gender, according to the binary gender model. I personally disagree with the binary model of gender. While being a man and being a woman are two valid identities, there is a large spectrum of genders people can identify with that are not within the binary (did you know that on Facebook there are over 70 gender options to choose from now?) and many cultures actually recognise a multitude of other gender identities. People of any gender and any sexuality can engage in dressing up as another gender for any number of reasons and can gain a multitude of different results from doing so. The clothing used in cross dressing can really be anything a person desires, however choices are often made up of strong gender signifiers.
A signifier is a sound or image (or a texture or taste) strongly related to a concept (signified). A gender signifier in this sense would be like how we associate blue with boys and pink with girls. In modern Western fashion, often male clothing is considered fairly gender neutral, so the most visible gender signifiers are often the feminine (skirts, dresses, lace, low-cut tops etc.) which makes cross dressers that dress in feminine clothing much more visible in the day-to-day and much more prominent in pop-culture. In my work as a professional dominatrix which involves catering to cross-dressing fantasies, it is the masculine-to-feminine cross dressing that I am regularly exposed to. For these reasons much of this article will focus on masculine-to-feminine cross dressing, although feminine-to-masculine cross dressing has historically been quite prevalent as well.
What reasons do people have for wanting to dress in clothing of another gender?
Gender curiosity and discovery
Some people might want to cross dress simply out of curiosity of what it might be like to wear those kinds of clothing. Or, perhaps because there is a curiosity around their gender identity or sexual preferences. Cross dressing may be used as a discovery tool to help a person learn about themselves, how they identify and what they desire. I know many people who at first identified as cross dressers, but the act of this helped them to realise they were actually transgender. Despite this, it’s important to distinguish that transgender people are not the same as cross dressers, despite the fact that some may have identified as cross dressers prior to beginning their transition. While we make the distinction that transgender people are not cross dressers we must also understand that cross dressing is not simply a stepping stone to transitioning into another gender. Both identities are different and both deserve respect and care.
Performance (e.g. Drag)
A drag queen is a person, usually a man, dressing up in hyper-feminine clothing and exaggerated makeup for the purposes of a performance. Drag was actually a term coined by Shakespeare to describe cross dressing. In the early days of theatre, drag was often used as a device to mock women, but in the present day many drag queens use this tool to embrace and lift up femininity, with many queens saying they were inspired to do drag by the women in their life. There are also drag kings which are typically women who dress up in hyper-masculine wear and exaggerated make up (such as fake facial hair and muscles) for performance. Drag queens also played an important role in the LGBTQ+ rebellion, continuing to cross dress and perform despite it being illegal and the risk of persecution and systemic abuse. They have also played a big role in various protests and riots worldwide, fighting for the rights of all LGBTQ+ people.
Some people just feel comfortable in a certain type of clothing. Perhaps it’s the feel of the fabric on your skin or the way it fits your body. It could be the feeling of a breeze blowing up a skirt. It could be any number of factors that make someone just feel more comfortable cross dressing. I’ve had several clients who wished to cross dress in feminine clothing during our sessions, not for any sexual gratification, but just because that’s what they felt comfortable in, which helped them to relax into the session.
How it looks
Sometimes people feel sexy in clothing typically associated with another gender – it’s simply putting something on and thinking “damn! I feel good in this and I look good in this”, and it doesn’t have to go beyond that.
The way others interact with you while you’re dressed up
Everyone enjoys different interactions and reactions. Some cross dressers might just love people looking at them (regardless of what they’re thinking). Some crave more humiliating interactions, while others crave positive feedback on how they look.
Sexual and fetish related reasons
Well, this is really the reason I’m writing this article and probably the reason you’re all reading it – what is it about cross dressing that has such a strong sexual pull for some people?
The sexual nature of cross-dressing and the pleasures it can bring
I’ve written before on how humiliation can be erotic and is not inherently negative. Sometimes that feeling of being humiliated can get us really hot and turned on. For some people, being dressed up in typically feminine clothing can feel really humiliating. There are different reasons why one might feel humiliated in women’s clothing. Here are just a couple:
- The globally perpetuated idea that women are inferior to men most definitely has a role to play in why some men who want to be humiliated wish to incorporate cross dressing. Various insults such as “sissy” or telling someone they “throw like a girl” reinforce this.
- Some people would not see being womanly as a humiliation, but would still feel humiliated in an exaggerated feminine get-up – where they don’t look like they’d really fit in anywhere (not particularly a man but not a very good woman either).
- Others delight in objectification and – as women tend to be more objectified than men – they feel that cross dressing is a great way to feel like a piece of meat.
In her book Enough To Make You Blush, Princess Kali talks about your “kernel kink”, which is about getting to the core of why someone wants to engage in a certain sexual activity. I am always careful to understand a client’s reason for wanting cross dressing in conjunction with humiliation play for two main reasons:
1) The cross dressing and humiliation could be two completely separate desires – i.e. they want to be humiliated while cross dressing but not because they’re cross dressing.
2) If they have a derogatory perception of women and this is why they feel that being dressed in women’s clothing would serve to really humiliate them, then this is something I want to change. I try to educate them on how harmful their perceptions are and attempt to help them find another way to feel humiliation without gross perceptions of women attached to it.
Feeling more comfortable or sexy
Let’s not underestimate the importance of feeling comfortable and sexy when engaging in sexual activities. For this reason, the cross dressing may not be sexual in itself, nevertheless it opens the door to a more heightened sexual experience.
Sometimes people get off on feeling like they’re being forced to do something against their will. Of course, consent is a big part of any kind of sexual activity, but consensual non-consent, and other coercive or forced style activities, can be a great way to push boundaries we have built up and explore things we otherwise might not be comfortable with. For someone that might be interested in cross dressing but, due to stigma around it, might not willingly be comfortable engaging in it, feeling like they have no choice in the matter can be the exhilarating push they need to fulfil their desires.
Roleplaying as someone else
Sometimes it’s fun to pretend to be someone we’re not – playing a different character can help us to remove our inhibitions and explore different things sexually. When I perform medical play sessions, I get much more into it if I’m dressed more like a doctor or nurse. Similarly, cross dressing can be an effective way to more easily engage in certain types of play.
This is obviously not an exhaustive list. There are so many reasons why people might enjoy cross dressing. A prominent Australian cross dresser on Twitter, @rhiannon_t07, told me they cross dress and become a character, ‘Rhiannon’, as more of a hobby than anything else. Cross dressing is fun and exciting. Rhiannon also told me, “it also happens that ‘Rhi’ is a vehicle for my kinks and fetishes. I only partake in kink/BDSM activities as ‘Rhi’”, and while they enjoy a range of BDSM activities inclusive of humiliation and “role playing – French/sissy maid etc.”, they say that it is not the dressing up that is humiliating – they simply like to “take the role similar to that of a submissive female”.
So how do I get into cross dressing?
There are so many ways to get into cross dressing. As long as you do so in a way that is not disrespectful or degrading towards the gender you are wishing to portray, then there is no wrong way to do it. There are loads of great resources on how to start with the basics, as well as various forums, organisations and other sites where you can do some research and find like-minded cross dressing kinksters on various social media sites such as Twitter. Just remember to stay true to yourself – everyone has a different journey with cross dressing and yours is just as valid as anyone else’s.
What do I do if I find out someone I love is a cross dresser?
Do your own research (the hyperlinks in this article are a good place to start). Listen to people and their own unique reasons for why they cross dress. Support them – cross dressing is not negative and it doesn’t need to be a problem. Just keep an open mind, let them lead the way and be grateful they chose to share this potentially vulnerable part of their identity with you.
If you have any further questions or comments on this topic, or if you have read through the provided reading list and want to learn more, please tweet me – @_mistress_ava and tag #DesireIntoDiscourse in your tweet.